Part 10 of my Dom Pérignon History Series
The 1979 vintage hadn’t been declared by Moét, the wines deemed as not having the necessary structure to age like a classic Dom Pérignon should. It’s perhaps surprising then that the very next vintage they did declare suffered exactly that fate. Skipping forward a year, the 1981 harvest had only realised a small crop yield and, whilst the not-perfect 1980 sat in the cellars at the start of its maturation period, the prospect of a muted 1981 release may have forced them in to a tough decision. Well aware that they hadn’t declared the 1979, if Moét then skipped straight ahead to the 1982, a large gap would be left in their market presence, not to mention their profits. Certainly, the last time that they had gone with a gap of 3 clear years between vintages had been as far back as the late 1950’s.
The 1980 harvest was smaller than usual due to the climatic conditions which saw cold and humid weather as late as June and July, and resulted in late and uneven flowering. The weather heated up and sunshine in September allowed the grape clusters to swell, but everything was on the back-foot and the harvest began much later than usual, on the 9th of October, in cold and wet conditions. The net result of this was that the wines tended to lack the full body of well ripened grapes, and the uneven higher acids came through on the palate. Dom Pérignon vintage wines tend, in the main, to be a 50/50 mix of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir grapes. In a move tailoring towards the unkind weather conditions, the vintage blend here was adjusted to be 60% Pinot Noir and 40% Chardonnay, the idea being that more fruit, structure and backbone would come from the red grape variety. The tweak only seems to have been partly successful.
The final wine was described as being the colour of golden straw, with a nose of toasted brioche, clear preserved citrus, and slight menthol and autumnal fruit. The palate was described as both clean and pure, with a floral, fleshy fullness, a lovely persistence and citrus freshness. Despite what sounds quite a promising blend, respected Champagne expert Tom Stevenson noted it as “too simple and ordinary to warrant a Dom Pérignon vintage”. A Rosé was also produced, being a deep pink in colour, with touches of blueberries to the nose and floral characters to the palate.
The 1980 vintage was released in 1987 with the Rosé following in 1988, and now included within the presentation box was a brief leaflet proudly informing you (see picture below) that the sealed cabinet it comes in is the guarantee of the protection and the quality of Dom Pérignon, and that you should insist on it! Also included were some words on Hautvilliers, Moét and the monk Dom Pérignon, but these leaflets (note they are not vintage dated) were exclusively produced in French, which made it difficult to read for anyone not fluent in the language. At the time it may actually have been perceived as foreign and unknown, making the purchase that much more interesting and alluring?
Aside of waiting for the small crop of 1981 to be harvested, Moét were kept busy with the issue of a back vintage. This was the first time that the company had released a library wine, but the event for which it was being prepared was historic enough to warrant it – A Royal wedding! In the UK alone over 70 producers created something like 150 different commemorative beverages to celebrate the marriage of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer, but it is doubtful that the Royal couple ever tried any of these brews. The shipment of the extremely small and limited 1961 harvest, selected as it was the birth year of Diana, would not only top the list of commemorative bottles, but was also served to the couple themselves.
Just 12 magnums of the 1961 were produced, six of which went to the Royal household for their personal consumption. The other six were distributed amongst UK drinks trade charities, including the Society of Licensed Victuallers, which looked after retired landlords. These magnums came with a specially commissioned label commemorating the Royal event (see image lower down).
A further 99 bottles were provided to be served at the wedding reception, which took place on Monday 27th July, ahead of the ceremony on Wednesday the 29th. There has been some confusion as to when the couple were served the Dom 1961, with many assuming it was the wine that they celebrated with on their big day. The drinks ceremony at Buckingham Palace that followed the marriage ceremony at St Pauls Cathedral on the 29th was known as the Wedding Breakfast (a nod to it being the first meal of a married couple’s life). As can be seen from the below image of the order of service for the Breakfast, the Royal couple actually drank Krug 1969 as their Champagne refreshment on the day.
It might be assumed that, with so little bottles available in the first place, that every last one would have been consumed throughout the event, however, some did make it through to resurface on the secondary market to collectors. Notable bottles that have hit the auction circuit include one from Roy Mayes, the retired chairman of the Luton branch of the Society of Licensed Victuallers, who sold his bottle to his successor Brian Minnighan. Another bottle which later surfaced came from Princess Diana herself, who gifted one in 1988 to the Director of Harrods, Brian Ames, on his 50th Birthday.
As has been alluded to, 1981 produced what would have been the smallest post-war yield, if it hadn’t been for the tiny 1978 harvest. A mild winter and summer had promoted premature growth, but this was then mostly blighted by heavy frosts in late April and hail in May. Cool weather in July was followed by a warmer August and September, and most grapes were picked before the rains fell again at the end of the month. What vines had survived the rollercoaster conditions produced fruit that had seen a long season of growth with sunny weather when it mattered to finish off the ripening. Sadly this quality was blighted by the small quantity and most houses didn’t declare a vintage.
As it transpired, producers wouldn’t be worried about it for too long. The 1981’s hadn’t been in the cellars for a year when it became clear just how good the wines of 1982 would be.